“Before the expiry of the 180-day deadline for the final end of the VFA, the president unfortunately turned the page on his patriotic decision to end this unequal treaty and continue to focus on a truly independent foreign policy. The end of the VFA could have had the same weight in history as the 1991 Senate vote, which drove out U.S. bases in the country,” said Terry Ridon, convenor of Infrawatch PH. Signed in 2014 by President Obama and Duterte Benigno Aquino Jr.`s predecessor, the U.S. S.-Philippines Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) strengthens the rotational presence of U.S. forces. Ships and planes in the Philippines and better U.S. access to Philippine military bases. .